What to Do If Your Dog Eats Gorilla Glue
The goo in that green-and-orange bottle can cause serious harm — get your dog to the vet ASAP.
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Gorilla Glue is great for arts and crafts and fixing random things (like your refrigerator drawer that cracked) but it's important to not leave it laying around. The goo in that green-and-orange bottle can cause serious harm if it’s inhaled, rubbed into the eyes and skin, or ingested. (A full list of risks associated with using Gorilla Glue, including toxicity, can be found on the brand’s safety sheet.) Keep reading to learn what to do if your dog accidentally ingests it.
Health Hazards Associated with Gorilla Glue
Gorilla Glue and Elmer’s ProBond are popular polyurethane-based adhesives that, when ingested, can cause serious problems — including death — if not properly diagnosed and treated. While classified as “non-toxic,” these glues contain a catalyzing agent called Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate (MDI).
When MDI-based adhesives come in contact with water, they expand rapidly and create a hard foam material. The rate of this reaction is enhanced in warm and acidic environments, such as the stomach, which is why ingestion of Gorilla Glue most commonly results in a gastrointestinal obstruction. The reaction also produces heat, which can result in secondary complications such as thermal burns to the esophagus and stomach, which can also be life threatening.
Symptoms of Gorilla Glue Ingestion
If a dog or person has ingested Gorilla Glue, adverse effects may include loss of appetite, restlessness, difficulty breathing, vomiting, or a change in behavior indicating pain. Signs generally develop within 15 minutes, but can occur up to 20 hours following ingestion.
The glue can expand and harden within minutes, and stomach obstruction or injury to the esophagus can occur while in the process of vomiting, which is why it’s important not to force it. It should also be noted that ingestion of as little as two ounces will likely cause obstruction in a medium-sized, 50-pound dog.
What to Do if Your Dog Ingests Gorilla Glue
Most importantly, do not induce vomiting at home. When a dog ingests Gorilla Glue or another polyurethane-based adhesive, it’s tough to determine the cause without seeing it happen or evidence. If ingestion is suspected, seek medical attention as soon as possible.
How Gorilla Glue Ingestion is Diagnosed
Radiographs of a dog’s abdomen often show evidence of the ingested glue mass, which can sometimes be mistaken for “food bloat” — another name for when your dog ingests a large amount of food, resulting in distention of the stomach. That’s why history is a critical part of diagnosis, and it’s important to mention if you have Gorilla Glue or something similar in your home, even if you don’t think your dog could’ve accessed it.
Treatment for Gorilla Glue Ingestion
In cases where an obstruction develops, surgery is needed to remove the glue mass. Prompt identification of the problem and medical care greatly improve your dog’s chances of a successful outcome.
How to Prevent Gorilla Glue Accidents
Polyurethane adhesives may taste sweet to dogs, so as always, the best treatment is prevention. If you use MDI-based glues, be sure to keep them away from pets and children, and clean up any accidental spills quickly. I have personally treated three cases of glue ingestion in the past couple of years. Hopefully, this information will prevent me from seeing many more.
Veterinarian Dr. Shea Cox on how to properly examine your dog’s stomach and musculoskeletal system.
Consider it the mother of all dog emergencies — if your dog has it, take them to the vet ASAP. Learn how to spot the condition and how it's treated.
Dr. Shea Cox, DVM, CVPP, CHPV
Dr. Shea Cox is the founder of BluePearl Pet Hospice and is a global leader in animal hospice and palliative care. With a focus on technology, innovation and education, her efforts are changing the end-of-life landscape in veterinary medicine.