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7 Steps to Keep Your New Kitten Happy and Healthy

With great cuteness comes great responsibility! We’ve got you — a vet breaks down everything you need to know when you bring home a new kitten.

by Alycia Washington, DVM
August 26, 2021
Kitten sitting on a blanket
Beton Studio / Adobe Stock

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After watching countless hours of kitten hijinks on social media, you finally got a kitten of your own. Congrats! But with great cuteness comes great responsibility. Here’s a seven-step to-do list to ensure that you’re prepared to introduce a new kitten into your home. 

Step 1: Stock Up on Basic Supplies

Kittens require multiple trips to a veterinarian for preventative care. Keep your precious cargo traveling comfortably and safely. Get a carrier that’s sturdy, roomy, and easy to clean. At home, your kitten will need new cat essentials such as food and water dishes, litter boxes, toys, and bedding.

Step 2: Kitten-Proof Your Crib

Cat-proofing a home involves securing any object that kittens can eat or use to injure themselves: electric cords, cords to window blinds and curtains, string, sewing supplies, rubber bands, hair ties, essential oils, cleaning products, and medications. Keep toilet lids closed. Use caution with reclining furniture — kittens love to explore their inner workings. Ensure all houseplants and flowers are non-toxic (lilies are a huge no-no for cats and a recipe for kidney injury). The list of ways your kitten can get themselves into trouble seems endless, so watch them closely to make sure they don’t find any hazards not already mentioned. Initially, your kitten shouldn’t be allowed to roam your home unsupervised. A baby gate is an easy option to keep your kitten confined to a safe area. 

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Sudden scratching? Finicky food eater? Loose poop? Whatever pet health question is on your mind, our veterinary pros are here to help.

Step 3: Schedule Vital Vaccinations

Vaccinations are essential to the prevention of serious or fatal infections. Your veterinarian will recommend a schedule for core and non-core vaccines. Core vaccines are those that are considered vital to prevent severe, often life-threatening diseases, as well as diseases that may be passed on to humans. Vaccines that protect against feline herpes virus (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), feline panleukopenia (FPV), feline leukemia (FeLV), and rabies are considered core vaccines for kittens. Additional non-core vaccines may be recommended based on your region or lifestyle (e.g. if yours is an outdoor cat).

Step 4: Protect Your Pal from Parasites

Kittens are vulnerable to multiple intestinal parasites. Kittens can pick up worms from eating eggs passed in feces (gross), or the worms may be passed along from their mother during nursing. Either way, fecal exams and regular deworming, typically every 2-4 weeks, are essential to your kitten’s health. Kittens should also be protected from external parasites like fleas and ticks. Many products have a minimum age or weight requirement, so your veterinarian will inform you when your kitten is ready for preventatives. Lastly, cats are susceptible to heartworm disease and should be given heartworm prevention if they are in an endemic region. Indoor cats are not exempt. 

Step 5: Spay or Neuter Your New Feline Friend

Having your kitten spayed or neutered decreases the risk of certain diseases and cancers associated with reproductive organs. Plus, you’d be doing your part to help control the pet population (we were listening, Bob Barker). 

Step 6: Socialize Your Little Rapscallion

Socialization is especially important in the first few months of your kitten’s life. Exposing your kitten to new people, car travel, and handling can decrease fear and stress in new situations as they get older. Strategies to socialize your kitten may include positive reinforcement for approaching people, arranging playtime with multiple new people, or enrolling in kitten kindergarten classes. Equally important is getting your kitten used to being handled and examined. Open their mouth, touch their ears, and handle their paws often. This can help immensely with veterinary visits and make everything from nail trims to medical treatment easier.

Step 7: Cuddle and Bond with Your New Cat

You’ve followed the steps to ensure your kitten is healthy and safe, so now comes the fun part. Cuddle, play, and of course record all the adorable kitteny hijinks — TikTok is waiting.

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alycia washington, dvm

Alycia Washington, DVM

Alycia Washington, DVM, is a small animal emergency veterinarian based in North Carolina. She works as a relief veterinarian and provides services to numerous emergency and specialty hospitals. Dr. Washington is also a children’s book author and freelance writer with a focus on veterinary medicine. She has a special fondness for turtles, honey bees, and penguins — none of which she treats. In her free time, Dr. Washington enjoys travel, good food, and good enough coffee.